The Meaning of July Fourth for the Mexican American

“…At the very moment that they are thanking God for the enjoyment of civil and religious liberty, and for the right to worship God according to the dictates of their own consciences, they are utterly silent in respect to a law which robs religion of its chief significance and makes it utterly worthless to a world lying in wickedness…”  - by Frederick Douglass

In Senator Lindsey Graham’s 10 minute immigration speech, I could not help but to listen closely when he said, “Hispanics do not typically vote for the Republican primary.”  Indeed, I encourage my fellow Latin voting man to support Graham, because he was the Senator who has the most to lose in his upcoming re-election.  It should be remembered that he led on an issue when it was unpopular to do so within the GOP — and particularly so, since Graham is from South Carolina, a state notorious for seceding after the Civil War began, and for having one of their senators deliver the longest spoken filibuster during the civil rights debate.

James “Strom” Thurmond was a United States Senator from South Carolina who ran for president in 1948 as the “States Rights Democratic Party (Dixiecrat)” candidate.  Thurmond was a Democrat for 10 years, and later became a Republican after 1964. He switched because of his opposition to the 1964 Civil Rights Act, when he began to distance himself from liberalism, and to support conservatism and the Republican presidential candidate, Arizona Senator Barry Goldwater.  It was around that time that the Republican Party began to crack its doors open to the old Confederate South, shortly after President Lyndon Johnson predicted the civil rights legislation would cost the Democrats the South for a generation.  (Little did the Republican Party know that it was Ronald Reagan who would buy them some time with regard to the Latin vote in 1986.)

One of Arizona’s low moments in history was when Goldwater voted against the Civil Rights Act.  However, in an Abraham Lincoln-like manner, Republican Senator Everett McKinley Dirksen of Illinois was instrumental in shaping the Civil Rights compromise.  When the Senate passed the bill in spite of Goldwater’s nay vote, it earned him a scolding from the Illinois Republican.  Goldwater believed the Civil Rights measure was “unconstitutional,” but it was Senator Dirksen who recalled a Republican Conference of the Senate held on June 5, 1963, that urged the Administration to produce a program to guarantee the rights and privileges of all citizens.   According to the New York Times, Dirksen then addressed himself to Mr. Goldwater’s argument that the sections of the bill were an unwarranted extension of the Commerce Clause of the Constitution.  In 1964, it was the Democrats who were more divided than the Republicans during the debate of the civil rights issue.  Today, however, it is the Republican Party who seems to be more divided on the immigrant rights issue today.

Many parallels can be drawn between the abolishment of slavery, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and the current immigrant rights issue – but the one issue to hone in on this July 4th, has to do with human dignity.  Without the Civil Rights Act, demeaning and dehumanizing behavior of all colored people and women would unashamedly exist today, and essentially this measure restored human dignity and put our Nation on the right course.  The same holds true of the 2013 Immigration Modernization Act, as it directly addresses the approximately 11 million undocumented human beings who have been living in the shadows of society.

But human dignity is not important to those who are against basic human inalienable rights.   The core of human dignity has been chiseled away when lawmakers dehumanize and refer to immigrant people as pigs, roaches, cows, rats, or meat for alligators in moats, among other things.

Senator Goldwater of Arizona and Senator Thurmond of South Carolina will always be remembered for voting against the 1964 Civil Rights Act.  But today Senators John McCain and Lindsey Graham are attempting to undo those stains by voting to fix the

broken immigration system by replacing it with legal immigration.

U.S. soldiers mourn over their comrades at empty combat boot memorial.

U.S. soldiers mourn over their comrades at empty combat boot memorial.

It was McCain who reminded us of the immigrant green card soldiers who paid the final price defending our great Nation before getting the opportunity to finally become United States citizens.  I was moved when he remembered those 4 pairs of combat boots neatly placed next to chairs symbolizing the 4 fallen comrades when he attended a ceremony overseas as soldiers bravely re-enlisted in our Armed Forces during wartime.  His story reminded me of when the Union army legally enlisted blacks after July 17, 1862, and when many blacks fled to the north to achieve freedom and fight against their southern oppressors.

On the other hand, in his speech Graham gave us a compelling and bold economic truth Americans will soon face:  He began with reminding his fellow colleagues of their historic and lowest approval rating in Congress. He urged the need for bipartisanship because Americans are tired of Congress not being able to solve simple and hard problems.  He underscored the 80 million more baby boomers who are set to retire within the next 40 years and wondered how they are going to be cared for. In 1955, there were 16 workers for every social security retiree, but today there are only 3 workers for every social security retiree.  In an upbeat tone, Graham cited the CBO immigration report which states our national deficit would be reduced by $890 Billion over the next 20 years and how the GDP can grow by 3.5% over time.    Graham emphasized the need to create order out of chaos and getting people working and paying more into the tax system, rather than getting paid under the table, but also that those who are taxed need to have representation.

If Graham does not get re-elected in South Carolina, this Mexican-American woman will remember his brave acts of leadership in an era when anti-immigrant sentiment reached a fevered pitch within the GOP.  American history will forever record the courageous act of this South Carolina senator and his legacy will be remembered, as opposed to those who showed no human compassion with their votes.

It would behoove the Republican Party to recognize the foundation set by Abraham Lincoln when their party was created, and cease the bigotry and isolationism that has hijacked the party and prevented it from embracing diversity within its ranks.   They cannot point fingers at tyrants abroad, while not embracing freedom for immigrants in our own backyard.

May the Speaker of the House, John Boehner, and the Republicans of the House of Representatives, capture the full spirit of our Declaration of Independence that all men are indeed created equal, after they return from recess to address immigration, at the very moment that they are thanking God for the enjoyment of civil and religious liberty.


Charting the progress of legal immigration reform.  How Congress voted on CIR between 2007 and 2013.

Charting the progress of legal immigration reform. How Congress voted on CIR between 2007 and 2013. (Click to enlarge)

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An Independent American Voter Group merging Tip O'Neill Democrats and Ronald Reagan Republicans.